Speakers: Dr Ron Boring – Idaho National Laboratory and
Dr Les Ainsworth – CRA-Synergy
Topic: HRA – The Future. A View from Both Sides of the Pond
Ron Boring and Les Ainsworth will give their views on Human Reliability Assessment in the States and the UK. They will describe practitioners’ favoured methods for all stages of the HRA process from qualitative assessment through human error identification to quantification. Current research trends will also be summarised.
There will be a panel discussion with Ron, Les and at least one other HRA practitioner. This will focus on potential concerns about HRA methods and data sources with the aim of identifying issues of most concern and, if possible, proposing solutions.
Amongst the potential issues are:
Generic Task Issues
- Are any Generic Tasks (or THERP equivalents) out of date and in need of revision?
- Should new Generic Tasks be added and if so, how?
- Should all HRA methods model recovery or is a certain level of recovery built in to many of the quantifications for Generic Tasks?
- Is more guidance needed to determine the level of task granularity for holistic HRA methods such as HEART?
Performance Shaping Factors (PSFs)
- Should a generic set of Performance Shaping Factors/Performance Influencing Conditions/Error Producing Conditions be developed? Should it be experimentally-based?
- Should separate PSFs be determined for different psychological types of task (e.g. control, perceptual, cognitive)?
- Should anchor points be developed for PSFs in all HRA methods?
- What is the most appropriate way to deal with dependency?
- Should human reliability quantifications be adjusted to fit Rasmussen’s Skills/Rules/Knowledge model?
- How should we deal with cognitive errors?
Ronald Laurids Boring PhD is a Principal Human Factors Scientist at Idaho National Laboratory where he has worked as a researcher and principal investigator on projects for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, NASA, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, the Joint Warfare Analysis Centre and the Norwegian Research Council.
He has worked as a Human Reliability Researcher at Sandia National Laboratories, a Usability Engineer for the Microsoft and Expedia Corporations, a Guest Researcher in human-computer interaction at the National Research Council of Canada and a visiting Human Factors Scientist at the OECD Halden Reactor Project. He currently leads research for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program on control room modernisation and virtual operator modelling.
Dr Boring has a PhD in Cognitive Science from Carleton University in Ottawa. He was a Fulbright Academic Scholar to the University of Heidelberg, Germany and has published over 200 research articles in a wide variety of human reliability, human factors and human-computer interaction forums.
He is the founder of the Human Error, Reliability, Resilience, and Performance Conference and is Chair Elect for the 2018-2021 annual meetings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.
Les Ainsworth PhD works for CRA-Synergy as a Chief Human Factors and Human Reliability Consultant.
Les is an Ergonomist and Human Factors expert and has been involved in Human Reliability Assessment (HRA) since its inception. He has worked in many industrial sectors. His nuclear experience includes almost all the UK Nuclear Power Stations and Nuclear Processing sites and many others internationally.
Les has been on the academic staff at Aston, Loughborough, Cranfield and Ulster Universities. He headed the Ergonomics Team at BAE (Barrow) having responsibility for the design interfaces of the Trident system before founding Synergy Consultants.
Les’ academic interests lie in improving HRA methods and data and in developing an approach to allocation of function to support the link between human operators and automated systems. He was co-editor of ‘A Guide to Task Analysis’ which remains a standard reference manual and he has produced many papers on task analysis methods.
Away from his professional life Les is a keen rock climber spending almost all his spare time in the Alps and the Lake District. He is an honorary member of the British Mountaineering Council.